Oral mucosal disorders and diabetes: diagnostic and prevention
The main goal of this study is to estimate the impact of diabetes on oral health, especially on the oral mucosa. The prime directive is to compare the clinical features of three different oral diseases (oral lichen planus, burning mouth syndrome and oral candidiasis) in diabetes and non-diabetes patients. A total of 96 patients were enrolled in subgroups age and gender-matched. The clinical data were collected from the medical records in order to be analyzed and compared. The rate of oral atrophic lesions was slightly increased in diabetic patients with oral lichen planus compared to non-diabetics. A higher proportion of smokers in diabetes patients with candidiasis were found compared to non-diabetes patients. Clinical type 1 burning mouth syndrome was the most frequent in diabetes patients compared to non-diabetics. In conclusion, the diabetes and the oral mucosal disorders have a bidirectional link.