STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF VARIOUS FORMS OF CANCER IN DIABETIC PATIENTS HOSPITALIZED IN THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DIABETES, NUTRITION AND METABOLIC DISEASES "PROF. N.C. PAULESCU"
Background and aims: Epidemiological evidence suggests that people with diabetes have a significantly increased risk of developing various cancers. The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of various cancers in diabetic patients admitted in the National Institute of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases "Prof. N.C. Paulescu" between 01.01.2011 and 01.09.2014. Material and methods: The study analyzed a total of 24.104 admissions, corresponding to a total of 13.960 patients. A total of 520 hospitalizations with a diagnosis of cancer and diabetes were indentified. Finally, 298 patients meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. For these patients, personal history, clinical and laboratory data were assessed. Results: The prevalence of cancer in hospitalized diabetic patients was 2.13%. The most frequent types of cancer (number of cases) were: breast - 63 patients, colorectal - 45 patients, pancreatic - 37 patients, lung - 31 patients and prostate - 20 patients. Conclusions: Our data showed that the most common form of cancer associated with diabetes was breast cancer (21%), followed by colorectal cancer (15.10%) and pancreatic cancer (12.42%). Further prospective studies are needed in the long term on larger study groups to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of various forms of cancer in the diabetic population.