RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC RETINOPATHY PROGRESSION
Background and Aims. There is no unanimous opinion regarding the risk factors associated with progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). We have done a retrospective analysis of risk factors and clinical features associated with DR progression. Material and Methods. This analysis included consecutive patients with moderate non- proliferative or severe retinopathy between December 1, 2013 and May 31, 2014 who had at least two eye examinations before that period. We have collected demographic, clinical and lab data. Results. 51.28% of patients were diagnosed with moderate non- proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 24.68% with severe NPDR and 21.05% with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In 82.16% of cases, DR had progressed. The risk factor correlated with DR progression in the whole group was anemia; hypertension, anemia and diabetes duration were risk factors in type 1 and smoking status at diabetes diagnosis in type 2 diabetes. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, diabetes control and presence of diabetic renal disease were positively but not statistically significant correlated with DR progression. Conclusions. In our study the risk factors correlated with DR progression were hypertension, anemia and diabetes duration in type 1, respectively smoking at diabetes diagnosis in type 2 diabetes. Glycemic goals were achieved in a small number of patients.