The Comparative Effect of Red Guava (Psidium guajava. L.) with Papaya (Carica papaya) on Blood Glucose Level of Type 2-Diabetic Patients

  • Zuhria Ismawanti Kusuma Husada University of Surakarta
  • JB Suparyatmo Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Red guava, papaya, antioxidant, blood glucose

Abstract

Background and aims: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease with clinical manifestations of hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia in DM increases free radicals that leads to cell damage. Fruit antioxidants are used to prevent cell damaged due to its effect in suppressing lipid peroxidation and lipotoxic. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of red guava and papaya antioxidant  to reduce blood glucose levels in type 2 DM patients Material and method: This was quasi experimental study with pre post-test controlled group design.  Thirty nine subjects divided randomly into 3 groups: red guava group (282.2 gr), papaya group (302.4 gr) and control group (only given mineral water). Treatment were conducted for 14 days. The data were analyzed using one way anova test, continued with post hoc test. Results: There were significant decrease in blood glucose level after administration of red guava (33 g/dl) and papaya (14 g/ dl) compared to the control group (p<0,05 ), but there were no significant differences (p> 0.05) between red guava and papaya.  Conclusions: It can be concluded that red guava and papaya are equally effective in reducing blood glucose levels in type 2 DM patients

Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Ismawanti, Zuhria, and JB Suparyatmo. 2020. “The Comparative Effect of Red Guava (Psidium Guajava. L.) With Papaya (Carica Papaya) on Blood Glucose Level of Type 2-Diabetic Patients”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 27 (3), 209-13. http://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/741.