The evolutionary profile of celiac disease via the compliance to the gluten-free diet in the western Algerian region

  • Douniazad EL MEHADJI : Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Zouaoui Nadji Department of internal medicine, CHU Sidi BelAbbes,Algeria
  • Khalida ZEMRI Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Khedoudja KANOUN Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Noria HARIR 1. Department of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Djamila YEKROU Departement of Medical Oncology Anti-Cancer Centre of Sidi Bel Abbes. Algeria
  • Karim Bouziane NEDJADI Department of pediatrics « C »(A.Cabral),CHU of Oran,Algeria
  • Latroche CHAREF Department of pediatrics « C »(A.Cabral),CHU of Oran,Algeria
  • Siheme OUALI Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Zahira BENAISSA : Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
  • Walid Hassene HAMRI : Deartment of Biology, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Proteomics and Health. DjillaliLiabes University of Sidibel Abbes, (EX ITMA), Algeria.
Keywords: Celiac disease;, Gluten free diet;, Compliance, IgA and IgG anti transglutaminase

Abstract

Background and aims: To assess the compliance to the gluten-free diet (GFD) of Algerian patients with celiac disease (CD) and to study the impact of long-term GFD on anthropometric, serological and histological parameters of these patients. Material and method: We conducted a retrospective study on 111 cases of CD patients followed up, from pediatric age until now, at the pediatrics department of the ORAN University Hospital Centre for many years. Two groups were made according to their adherence to the gluten-free diet. Results: The clinical presentation of the disease was typical (84.7%) and atypical (15.3%).. Two groups were selected group A and B for non-compliant diet (39.6%) and compliant diet (60.4%) respectively. There was a significant difference between the current age and the two groups of adherence (p=0.008) and with BMI (p < 10-3). However, we noticed an excellent significant difference between a serology under diet and two groups (p=0.001) also with the grade of histology (p < 10-3).  Moreover, a significant reduction of IgA and IgG anti-t-TG in group B (p=0.001). Conclusions: CD in Algeria is still characterized by a heterogeneous clinical symptoms and a good compliance to the GFD is a sign of the path to recovery.

Published
2022-03-28
How to Cite
EL MEHADJI, Douniazad, Zouaoui Nadji, Khalida ZEMRI, Khedoudja KANOUN, Noria HARIR, Djamila YEKROU, Karim Bouziane NEDJADI, Latroche CHAREF, Siheme OUALI, Zahira BENAISSA, and Walid Hassene HAMRI. 2022. “The Evolutionary Profile of Celiac Disease via the Compliance to the Gluten-Free Diet in the Western Algerian Region”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 29 (1), 67-73. https://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/1028.