Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in Moroccan type 2 diabetes patients

  • Youness El Achhab 1. Department of Biology and Earth Sciences, Regional Center for Education Careers and Training of Fez
  • Adel Tahraoui
  • Jaouad El-Hilaly
  • Badiaa Lyoussi

Abstract

Background and aims: Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MED) improves the health and physical function of type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. This study aimed to evaluate adherence to the MED in T2D patients, and identify the relationship with MED adherence, demographic, socioeconomic, and other lifestyle parameters. Material and method: This cross-sectional study concerned 343 T2D patients with complete dietary data. The survey was conducted from April to July 2019. Data collection was performed using a questionnaire including sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. The dietary intake was assessed by the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS). Results: Participants showed a moderate adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (7.8 ± 1.2). Among 343 participants, high adherence to the MED was associated with elderly patients, suburban habitation, poor quality of life, physical activity, oral antidiabetic drugs, hypertension, and diabetes complications. Diabesity, diabetes phytotherapy, diabetes duration, controlled diabetes, and using honey are not associated with adherence to the MED. Conclusions: The application of the MEDAS makes it possible to identify which aspects require improvement and provides the opportunity to develop health education programs.

Published
2022-03-28
How to Cite
El Achhab, Youness, Adel Tahraoui, Jaouad El-Hilaly, and Badiaa Lyoussi. 2022. “Adherence to a Mediterranean Dietary Pattern in Moroccan Type 2 Diabetes Patients”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 29 (1), 50-56. https://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/1066.