GLP-1R and IL-6 expression in the gastrointestinal tract of a murine model of metabolic syndrome

  • José Costa
  • Sofia Oliveira
  • Ana Cláudia Pereira
  • Raquel Soares
  • Pilar Baylina
  • Susana G Guerreiro
  • Rúben Fernandes
  • Carla Luís FMUP

Abstract

Background and aims: Glucose homeostasis is a critical cornerstone in both health and disease. It is described to be regulated by the balance of insulin and glucagon secretion but, this bi-hormonal perspective is long overdue, since glucose homeostasis is now known to be a multi-hormonal process. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic features which includes impaired glucose metabolism and obesity. Obesity promotes a low chronic inflammation state due to release of bioactive molecules like cytokines, ultimately contributing to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. The gastrointestinal tract (GIT), namely stomach and intestine, has a vital role not only in the food uptake and absorption, but also in the production of incretin hormones, such as GLP-1. We aim to evaluate the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) in the GIT of a MetS animal model, and to assess whether it correlates with inflammatory levels.

Material and method: The expression of GLP-1R and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was evaluated in the stomach and intestine of mice subjected to Normal Diet (ND) and High Fat Diet (HFD) by immunohistochemistry.

Results: We observed that HFD fed animals presented lower levels of GLP-1R in stomach and intestine when compared with animals fed with ND. Concomitantly, these mice expressed increased levels of IL-6.

Conclusions: GLP-1R expression is inversely correlated with the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6.

Published
2022-03-28
How to Cite
Costa, José, Sofia Oliveira, Ana Pereira, Raquel Soares, Pilar Baylina, Susana Guerreiro, Rúben Fernandes, and Carla Luís. 2022. “GLP-1R and IL-6 Expression in the Gastrointestinal Tract of a Murine Model of Metabolic Syndrome”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 29 (1), 9-15. https://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/1110.