A cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of metabolic and pre-metabolic syndrome among young adults in rural population of Chengalpattu district
Metabolic syndrome is a globally trending health care problem with increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, stroke etc.The prevalence of this syndrome is soaring among Indians, especially in the rural background area. However, not many studies were focused on young adults in the rural areas of Tamilnadu. Hence, the present study was done to estimate the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Premetabolic syndrome between 20-40 years and to assess the association between the life style risk factors and metabolic syndrome in rural population of Chengalpattu district.
Material and methods
It was an age and sex matched, cross-sectional study done at Chettinad hospital and research institute, Kelambakkam. A total of 360 apparently healthy subjects, who has come for Master health check up were included in the study. Fasting blood sample was collected and measured for Plasma glucose, serum triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein. The study participants were then categorized based on NCEP ATP III guidelines. Data were presented as percentage(%). Student independent t test was used to compare groups with continuous variables and for categorical variables, chi-square test was used. All Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS software.
The prevalence of Metabolic syndrome was 36.6% of which males presents more with 37.8% and females 35.4%. The prevalence of Premetabolic syndrome was 27.3% among which 25.2% were males and 29.3% were females. Odds risk of MS was significantly higher among males with increased waist circumference, alcohol drinking, and smoking habit. The Odds risk of MS among females was significantly higher with those of alcohol and smoking usage, family history of hypertension, high fasting triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol in the serum.
The huge surge in the prevalence rate of Metabolic syndrome and Premetabolic syndrome has to be intervened by implementing various health care policies so that the mortality and morbidity can be significantly reduced among the young adults of the rural population.
Metabolic syndrome, Premetabolic syndrome, rural population