The predictors to medication adherence among adults with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
This study aimed to investigate predictors of medication adherence among adults with type 2 diabetes. This article was compiled using a systematic review and meta-analysis study conducted by searching for articles from databases in electronic form, including EMBASE, PubMed, and Science Direct. The inclusion criteria for this study were full articles using a cross-sectional study, with the publication year until 2022. The analysis of articles in this study using RevMan 5.3 software. A random-effect model was used when heterogeneity was observed to pool the studies, and the results were reported via adjusted odds ratio and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). A total of 5 articles reviewed in the meta-analysis (consisting 4 articles in each variable) showed that respondents with a strong belief in anti-diabetic medicines (AOR=0.53; 95% CI=0.38 to 0.75; p=0.0003) and high knowledge of diabetes mellitus (AOR=0.85; 95% CI=0.79 to 0.93; p=0.0005) had a lower level of non-adherence to anti-diabetic medication. A strong belief in anti-diabetic medicines and a high knowledge of diabetes mellitus can lower non-adherence to anti-diabetic medication.