• Mohammad Mehraban Occupational Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)
  • Gholamreza Pouryaghoub
  • Ramin Mehrdad
Keywords: metabolic syndrome, pulmonary function test, reduced lung function, cross-sectional


Background and aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a collection of metabolic risk factors including increased waist circumference (WC), elevated blood pressure (BP), increased triglyceride (TG), decreased high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and increased fasting blood sugar (FBS). We aimed to examine the relevance between the MetS and its components with reduced lung functions in adult men. Material and method: A total of 3899 adult men underwent screening examination between 2015- 2016 in a cross-sectional survey. Results: The mean (± SD) age of our population was 37.25(± 4.9) years. The overall prevalence of MetS was 7.6%. The total prevalence of reduced lung function in men with MetS was 13.8%. The most common type of reduced lung function was the restrictive pattern (7.1%). The forced expiratory volume of first second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) values were significantly lower in men with MetS (both p<0.001). Also these values were significantly lower in diabetic men compared to non-diabetics and those with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). WC and HDL were the most potent predictors of reduced FEV1 and FVC. Conclusions: We obtained a positive independent association between MetS and reduced lung function in adult men, mainly due to increased WC and decreased HDL.

How to Cite
Mehraban, Mohammad, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, and Ramin Mehrdad. 2018. “METABOLIC SYNDROME AND PULMONARY FUNCTION INDICES”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 25 (3), 261-69.