Patterns used in weight loss in patients with obesity: A literature review
Background and Aims: Obesity is one of the most common co-morbidities in the world and is on the rise. This article aims to analyze the nutritional approaches of these patients, analyzing as many food patterns as possible. Material and Method: We analyzed the literature available in the fields of PubMed and Scopus using the following filters: obesity management, dietary patterns in obesity management, diets for weight loss, and lifestyle intervention among obese patients. We have selected articles published exclusively in English, between 2014 and 2020. Results: A multitude of dietary patterns are published in order to help obese patients lose weight, but the difficulty of this process and cardiovascular risk can be influenced by severe diets, intense hyper lipidic. Conclusions: The implementation of a healthy diet, through food re-education, could lead to a weight loss similar to different food patterns, not only without increasing mortality but with increasing the health status of the patient.