Diabetic tongue – a review


Diabetes Mellitus is a longstanding illness, presenting with severe complications directly proportional to the degree of hypoglycemia affecting all age group of people. Among all the organs of the body, oral manifestations are mostly the initial complication and could even promise an early diagnosis of the disease. Xerostomia due to tumefaction of salivary gland, burning sensation of oral cavity, recurrent ulcers, angular chelitis, oral lichen planus, infections and periodontal disease are all the commonest oral abnormalities detected in the patient with diabetic mellitus. However, there is very minimal literature regarding the tongue lesions associated with diabetes mellitus which are often neglected. Hence, this paper aims to review the literature regarding the tongue lesions and complications associated with diabetic mellitus and possible future prospects.