EFFECT OF MASTICATORY FORCES TRANSMITTED BY DENTAL IMPLANTS ON THE MANDIBULAR BONE OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Background and Aims: Diabetes mellitus is considered to be one of the most important diseases of our society, affecting a considerable proportion of the adult population. Currently, dental implant treatment of diabetic patients is controversial, the main controversy being related to changes that occur in the jaw bones of the diabetic patient and the ensuing side effects. This preliminary study aims to evaluate the response of mandibular bone to masticatory forces transmitted by dental implants in diabetic patients. Material and Method: 11 dental implants placed in the mandible were selected, and mandibular bone resorption as a result of masticatory forces transmitted by them was evaluated. Results: The mean bone resorption rates were the following: 2.72% at the time of dental implant exposure, 10% at 3 months from dental implant exposure, and 13.63% at 6 months from exposure. Conclusions: No significant changes in mandibular bone response to the action of dental implants were found in diabetic patients compared to standard response reported in non-diabetic patients.