GOAT MILK KEFIR SUPPLEMENTED WITH PORANG GLUCOMANNAN IMPROVES LIPID PROFILE AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETER IN RAT FED HIGH FAT AND HIGH FRUCTOSE DIET
Background and Aims: Diet with a high fat and high sugar is associated with an increased incindence of the metabolic syndrome. Kefir has been known as a natural probiotic, while glucomannan from porang (Amorphophallus oncophyllus) tuber was demonstrated as prebiotic in vivo. Probiotics and prebiotics can be used adjuvant nutritional therapy for metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of goat milk kefir supplemented with porang glucomannan on the lipid profile and haematological parameters in rats fed with a high-fat/high-fructose (HFHF) diet. Materials and methods: Rats were divided into 5 groups: normal diet; HFHF; HFHF + kefir; HFHF + kefir + glucomannan; and HFHF + simvastatin. Results: There were significant differences before and after treatment in triglycerides and total cholesterol in HFHF + kefir+glucomannan group. The HFHF rats administered kefir with or without glucomannan had higher levels of lymphocytes and lower neutrophils compared to HFHF group (p<0.05). Only goat milk kefir without glucomannan proved to reduce platelets number. Conclusion: Goat milk kefir supplemented with porang glucomannan could improve the health of rats fed high-fat/high-fructose, by decreasing plasma triglycerides, total cholesterol, and their immunomodulatory effect by decreasing number of neutrophils and increasing the lymphocytes. Especially for goat milk kefir had antithrombotic activity which important to prevent cardiovascular diseases.