NOCTURNAL HYPOGLYCEMIA IN TYPE 2 DIABETES

  • Simona Clus
  • Gabriela Crețeanu
  • Amorin Popa
Keywords: hypoglycemia, continuous glucose monitoring, hypoglycemia unawareness

Abstract

Background and aims: It is known that the majority of critical unacknowledged hypoglycemia has an increased incidence in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) with a long evolution. The aim of this research is to evaluate the variability of glucose level and hypoglycemic events in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) having pharmacological interventions with hypoglycemic risk. These events are sometimes asymptomatic also in T2DM: frequently in elderly, patients with autonomic neuropathy, or having a long evolution of disease. Material and method: This analysis includes 72 patients with T2DM, with a relative good metabolic control, and possible glucose fluctuations. Glucose variability was appreciated using continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) used for more than 72 hours in hospital or ambulatory setting. Results: The incidence, duration and severity of hypoglycemia are not correlated with HbA1c value, age, disease duration or treatment. Approximately a quarter of patients had nocturnal hypoglycemia and in 37,5% of events hypoglycemia was prolonged, more 45 minutes. Clinical manifestations in diurnal hypoglycemia were presents in only 40% of the recorded events. Conclusions: The study suggested that CGMS is beneficial for patients with type 2 diabetes, with hypoglycemic risk and complications, to adjusted medication, education and prevention the cardiovascular events.

Published
2018-03-15
How to Cite
Clus, Simona, Gabriela Crețeanu, and Amorin Popa. 2018. “NOCTURNAL HYPOGLYCEMIA IN TYPE 2 DIABETES”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 25 (1), 99-103. http://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/464.
Section
Review Articles