EFFECT OF HEALTH COACHING APPROACH BASED ON MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEW ON IMPROVING UNDESIRABLE NUTRITIONAL HABITS OF HOUSEWIVES
Background and aims: Nutrition disorders are a common risk factor for many clinical disorders, and effective methods for resolving it are motivational interviewing methods that can be useful in encouraging people to promote lifestyle. In recent years, motivational interviews have come up with community health and often people in need of a change in nutritional habits are so vast that they can maintain their health. Material and method: This interventional study was carried out on all housewives referring to Mazdak Health home. They were selected by simple sampling method. The sample size was 35 in each subgroup. Food intake was assessed by a feed frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the energy consumption in kilocalories per day was calculated using Nutritionist 4 software. Using SPSS18 and Chi-square tests, the exact test Fisher, T and Independent Tests, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon were analyzed. Results: The mean score of healthy nutrition index after intervention was significantly different in intervention and control groups (p-value = 0.004). Also, in whole grain (p-value = 0.001), dairy (p-value = 0.01) Fruits (p-value = 0.01), vegetables (p-value = 0.003) had a significant difference between the mean of intervention and control groups after intervention. There were no significant differences between the other indices after the intervention in the intervention and control groups. Conclusions: The intervention has been effective and generally increases the index of healthy nutrition index after intervention. But on components of dairy, sodium, refined grains, absent calories, proteins have not had any effect.