THE ANTIGLYCATION EFFECT OF MONOMETHYL BRANCHED CHAINED FATTY ACID AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS AND THEIR SYNERGISTIC EFFECT ON OBESITY RELATED COLORECTAL CANCER CELL PANEL
Background and aims: monomethyl branched chain fatty acids (mmBCFA) and phytochemicals including: Hydroxycitric Acid, Chlorogenic Acid and Piperine have been considered as an interesting agent for researches due to their role in diabetes and cancer. The present study examines the antiglycation effect of mmBCFA and phytochemicals and investigate their Synergistic effect on different colorectal cancer cell lines. Methods: This study was carried out by using murine monocyte-macrophage cell line and Methylglyoxal (MGO) to enhance the glycation process, furthermore to examine the antiproliferative effect of both the mmBCFA and phytochemicals we use Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay against obesity related-colorectal cancer cell line panel. Results: Both phytochemicals and mmBCFA have a higher antiglycation effect than Aminoguanidine (AMG) significantly, moreover, all of the phytochemicals and mmBCFA have antiproliferative against SW620, CACO2 and SW480, nevertheless none of these agents was equipotent to Cisplatin, furthermore, the synergetic effect observed only when we co-incubate Piperine with mmBCFA. Conclusions: phytochemicals such as Hydroxycitric Acid, Chlorogenic Acid and Piperine and mmBCFA could be used as treatment to prevents the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in diabetes. Furthermore, the co-incubation between these compounds can inhibit cancer growth, as alternative therapeutic strategy against obesity related-colorectal cancer.