Prevalence of diabetes and diabetes complications in a south-eastern county from Romania

  • Voineag Cristiana Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • Barbu Raisa-Eloise County Emergency Pediatric Hospital “Sfântul Ioan”, Galați, Romania
  • Bogdan-Goroftei Roxana Elena County Emergency Pediatric Hospital “Sfântul Ioan”, Galați, Romania
  • Iuliana Moraru County Emergency Pediatric Hospital “Sfântul Ioan”, Galați, Romania
  • Bogdan Pompiliu Mircea
  • Elkan Eva Maria
  • Stefan Diana Simona
  • Popescu Nicolae
  • Radulian Gabriela
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, adult patients, microvascular complications, diabetic neuropathy, changes in FO

Abstract

Abstract

Background and aims: The literature confirms that, due to the global increase in the incidence of obesity and sedentary lifestyle, there has been an increase in the number of cases of type 2 diabetes among children. Thus, this pathology has the potential to become a global health problem with devastating effects on health. Through the present clinical research we sought to determine the role that individual variables play in increasing the risk of complications.

Materials and methods: This retrospective, consecutive-case study, enrolled 2493 adult patients diagnosed with diabetes, attending scheduled visits in the Diabetes outpatient or hospitalized in the Diabetes Clinic between January 2017 and December 2019. Data was collected from the patient’s record and further analyzed using SPSS IBM Statistics V26 statistical package.

Results: The peak of incidence of diabetes complications was in the 60-65 years age-group, respectively polyneuropathy (63.6% for newly diagnosed patients vs 83.4% in patients with previously known diabetes) The most common comorbidities were HBP (61.7% % for newly diagnosed patients vs 64.3% in patients with previously known diabetes) and dyslipidemia (33.2 % for newly diagnosed patients vs 43.8% in patients with previously known diabetes). Complications were associated with poor glycemic control (serum blood glucose above 220 mg / dl, respectively HbA1C of more than 9.36% ± 2.2%).

Conclusions: In our study, there was in increased number of complications, the most frequent being the polyneuropathy. Also, even the newly diagnosed diabetes patients had multiple comorbidities associated.

 

Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Cristiana, Voineag, Barbu Raisa-Eloise, Bogdan-Goroftei Elena, Iuliana Moraru, Bogdan Mircea, Elkan Maria, Stefan Simona, Popescu Nicolae, and Radulian Gabriela. 2021. “Prevalence of Diabetes and Diabetes Complications in a South-Eastern County from Romania”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 28 (2), 178-84. http://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/992.