THE NECESSITY TO EVALUATE THE NEEDS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES PATIENTS AND NURSING INTERVENTION
Background and Aims: The aim of this paper was to demonstrate the necessity to evaluate the needs of patients with type 2 diabetes (assessing degrees of dependency) and nursing intervention for each of the 14 fundamental needs of human beings. Material and method: The study was prospective and interventional, with a focus on educational methods, conducted over a period of 12 months on a group of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes. The stages of the study were: signing the informed consent, collecting data on a „nursing sheet”, statistical processing and analysis of the obtained results. Results: The distribution of cases according to the total degree of dependence in carrying out the fundamental needs shows that, regardless of the stage of disease evolution, no cases of independence or total severe dependence were registered. On hospital admission, the number of minimum total dependence cases was lower than at discharge while the number of cases of average total dependence was higher on admission than at discharge, regardless of the stage of disease evolution. Conclusions: The assessment of the 14 fundamental needs of patients with diabetes is necessary to identify the degree of dependence, to plan nursing interventions and to apply individualized care for each patient.