FEEDING BEHAVIOR EVALUATION IN PERSONS WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN SALAJ COUNTY
The paper analyzes the behavior and eating habits of people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in Sǎlaj county. As a working method a questionnaire was used to assess the nutrition and eating habits; the sample chosen for the study consisted of 126 subjects. Statistical analysis of this observational study will enable the conclusion of the specific characteristics of lifestyle zone. In the studied group of 126 people, with a distribution approximately equal by sexes, over 40% were overweight and 40% were also diagnosed with abdominal obesity in various degrees. This was not a surprise after the evaluation of questionnaires and the study of the eating habits. The analysis of these questionnaires indicated that over 50% of respondents had only 3 meals a day, but over 80% did not have breakfast, though still over 50% confirmed having the daily snacks. The worrying fact was that about 80% of respondents said that the most important meal of the day for them is dinner, and about 70% said that more than half of the quantity of food consumed daily is at dinner. Also, it was noted the late hour at which dinner, 55% recognizing meal after at 22ºº. From all of the eating behavior disorders, over 40% of respondents did not dine in the kitchen and over 50% frequently take their meals in front of the TV. Also, this study demonstrated an increased consumption of saturated and unsaturated fat, eggs, sweets, bread and gaskets, with the unfortunate combination of the latter two at the same meal. It was alarming lower consumption of vegetables and fruits, milk and dairy products, and meat. It should be noted here that cooking with fried flour was reported in over 60% of the cases. Following nutritional imbalances such as those demonstrated in this study, we have to worry about the growing risk of developing obesity, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases.