PERIOPERATIVE NUTRITIONAL STATUS
Malnutrition is defined as the pathological state in which the nutritional intake is insufficient, excessive or ill-balanced and represents a frequent problem among hospitalized patients. The risk factors involved in the development of malnutrition are related to the patient, the amplitude of the surgical gesture and the non-surgical treatment. The evaluation of the nutritional status in the perioperative period using clinical and paraclinical parameters is essential. Based on the parameters, bio-clinical scores such as the Nutritional Risk Index or the Subjective Global Assessment, which establish the risk for perioperative complications, were composed. The medico-surgical collaboration which includes ICU-specialists, nutritionists and surgeons is essential for the investigation of the nutritional status, determining the time of the intervention and the necessity for nutritional support.