Reconsidering the properties of papaya fruit as anti-diabetes type 2
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a condition that contributes to an impairment of the ability of the body to use food effectively triggered by the inability of the pancreas to generate insulin or body’s dysfunction to adequately use insulin. Type 2 DM can induce oxidative stress leading to changes in endogenous antioxidant activity as well as a rise in biomolecular oxidative stress. This disease causes significant amounts of exogenous antioxidant supplementation to be prescribed in individuals with type 2 Diabetes to prevent oxidative damage in the body. Papaya (Carica papaya Linn) is one of the medicinal herbs which has anti-hyperglycemic activity as well as high antioxidants. Based on analysis of several studies it is noted that papaya supplies vitamin C, fiber saponins as well as flavonoids which can lower blood glucose levels. Nonetheless, to confirm this effect, even more, clinical studies are needed to be done.