Oral lichen planus and diabetes: A clinical study
Background and aims: Oral lichen planus is an autoimmune chronic disease which is frequently related to some general diseases. The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the general features and clinical signs of oral lichen planus associated with diabetes mellitus. Material and method: Twenty female patients suffering from oral lichen planus were enrolled in this study. They were examined and diagnosed following a clinical examination and histologically as well. The demographic and clinical features were colected from the medical charts. Results: In group 1 (oral lichen planus patients with diabetes) the oral complaints of pain and burning sensations were more frequently found compared to group 2 (oral lichen planus patients with no diabetes). Diabetes patients showed a OLP clinical polymorphism – many clinical forms (p < 0.05). The ulcerative type of oral lichen planus was found in group 1 only (4 from 10 cases). Conclusions: This study showed there is a higher frequency of oral complaints and ulcerative clinical form of oral lichen planus in diabetes patients.