EFFECT OF SOYA BASED PROTEIN RICH DIET ON GLYCAEMIC PARAMETERS AND THYROID FUNCTION TESTS IN WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

  • Vijaya Sarathi
  • Anish Kolly
  • Hulivana Boranna Chaithanya
  • Chinthamani Suryanarayana Dwarakanath
Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, medical nutrition therapy, Soya, thyroid functions

Abstract

Background and Aims: Medical nutrition therapy plays a major role in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, control of postprandial blood glucose values is often a challenge in Asian Indian GDM women due to high carbohydrate content in Indian diet. Materials and Methods: Women presenting with GDM diagnosis were randomised to high fiber complex carbohydrate diet and soya based protein rich diet (25% of cereal part in the high fiber, complex carbohydrate diet replaced by soya food) groups. Results: At the end of one week after initiation of dietary intervention, patients who received high fiber complex carbohydrate diet (n=30) had significantly higher postprandial blood glucose levels than those who received soya based protein rich diet (n=32). The need for insulin therapy at the end of one week after initiation of dietary intervention (15.62% vs. 40.0%) and at delivery (18.75% vs. 50%) were significantly lower in soya based protein rich diet group. Maternal thyroid function at diagnosis of GDM and delivery and neonatal TSH were not significantly different between the groups. Conclusion: Consumption of soya based protein rich diet reduced the need for insulin therapy in subjects with GDM. Short term consumption of soya food did not alter maternal and neonatal thyroid functions.

Published
2016-06-15
How to Cite
Sarathi, Vijaya, Anish Kolly, Hulivana Chaithanya, and Chinthamani Dwarakanath. 2016. “EFFECT OF SOYA BASED PROTEIN RICH DIET ON GLYCAEMIC PARAMETERS AND THYROID FUNCTION TESTS IN WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 23 (2), 201-8. https://rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/96.
Section
Original Research Articles